Freewill and pre-destination are both true in their own distinct spheres. Freewill has been misidentified throughout history by the fact that freewill is not a mechanistic process. So what is freewill? Freewill is a perception that an individual possess the total control or ability to make decisions that will have an impact in their life. In essence, free will insists that individuals control their destiny.
Individuals who exercise free will have total conscious control over their decisions. Although external factors do play a vital role in certain scenarios; the decision ultimately rests upon the individual. Freewill is a meaningful theory that insists on unlimited experience of choice. Freewill is a doctrine that refutes the idea of pre-destination. Freewill is a choice that individual possess that yields an outcome which is unknown.
The concept itself is very unique in a sense that it does take into account of external factors. One of the most prominent scholars who examined this issue very carefully was known as Al-Ghazzili. Al-Ghazzili takes a very logical approach towards this issue as he breaks the issue into two components, which consist of “predestination” and “fate.” He insists that human beings have never seen the past and can only anticipate the future, based on the “natural law.” Moreover, Imam Al-Ghazzili insists in his works that it is not incumbent upon God to do the best for humans; however, this does not mean that God will not in fact do the best of his own free will.
As mentioned above, the theory of free will does hold certain substance. However, there are many ambiguities and misconceptions that are contained in this theory. For instance, who chooses freewill? Furthermore, what kind of factors dictates this choice? The problem of free will can be distinguished from the traditional approach of agency. In essence, the actions that humans and animals take themselves are to modify their determinism. The traditional core root of the problem is the fact that in a deterministic world, several things tend to happen in a natural, divine law.
Individuals can only change certain conditions as certain things do happen in randomness is an enigma of life. Moreover, individuals may lack the awareness of critical thinking and logical which can deter them from making the right choices. Furthermore, the concept of free will seems to threaten the idea of reason itself. Reason, is no doubt since it requires casualty and determinism. Most scholars agree that refuting that agency does not exist in our system is a huge obstacle for reason.
Science itself relies in in determinism as shown in the methodology of the “Big Bang theory” itself. The laws of nature would not be considered “laws” if they were strictly reliant on mathematics. Interestingly enough, the concept of probability even acknowledges the fact of randomness. In math itself, this becomes a huge flaw in an argument. Since laws of nature are dictated by statistics, how can one refute the fact that random events do not occur? This becomes a vital point in his argument because clearly chance is present in the universe.
The idea of determinism is as critical because it breaks the link of determinism. Hence, as “actors”, we are not responsible for random acts because chance cannot directly impact our free will since chance does exist. Clearly, freewill and pre-destination are vital for the enigmas that are present in our lives.